Numeracy Stage: Kindergarten (year 5)

By the time they are finished Kindergarten, children should be able to:

Number Sense / Place Value

  • count verbally to 100 (using ones and tens)
  • write and represent numbers to 20 and beyond
  • count forward from a given number
  • answer “How many?” by counting to at least 20
  • count out objects to 20
  • combine and separate numbers 11-19 into tens and ones

Basic Operations

  • use the strategies of “counting on” and “counting up to” to find results
  • represent addition and subtraction within 10 with objects
  • make sets of 6-10 objects; identify which part has more, less or the same

Algebraic Thinking (Patterns and Relations)

  • make algebraic generalizations, with assistance (e.g. subtracting zero from any number give that number, subtract a number from itself gives zero)


  • describe measureable attributes of objects (e.g. length, height, weight, volume, area)
  • compare two objects directly
  • apply ordinal numbers from 1st to 10th
  • use measurement words and some standard tools accurately (e.g. ruler, measuring cups)
  • compare two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) shapes in different sizes and orientations
  • model shapes by building them from components
  • combine simple shapes to make larger shapes (can use tangrams for this)

Data Analysis

  • sort and classify objects into more than one category (e.g. size, colour, shape) and count the number of each
  • rearrange objects into new categories

Geometry (Shapes)

  • name shapes regardless of how they are shown (orientation)
  • identify the difference between two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes
  • recognize shapes in the environment

Spatial Sense

  • make and use simple sketches to locate objects
  • use position words to describe objects correctly (e.g. in, out, below, above, beside, etc.)