Numeracy Stage: Second Grade (Year 7)

By the time they are finished the second grade, children should be able to:

Place Value / Basic Operations

  • understand place value for 3-digit numbers
  • count up to 1000 – counting by fives, tens and hundreds
  • read and write numbers up to 1000
  • compare two 3-digit numbers using greater than (>), less than (<) or equals (=)
  • add and subtract numbers within 100 using various strategies
  • explain which addition and subtraction strategies work
  • add or subtract numbers within 1000 using concrete models
  • use mental math to add or subtract 10 or 100 from any given number between 100 – 900


  • separate circles and rectangles into two, three or four equal parts and name them
  • recognize that equal parts of identical wholes do not need to have the same shape

Algebraic Thinking

  • solve one-step or two-step addition and subtraction word problems
  • describe the strategy used to solve a word problem
  • add or subtract using fact families
  • work out equal groups of objects concretely (foundational learning for multiplication)


  • estimate and measure lengths in standard units
  • relate addition and subtraction to length and the number line
  • tell time to the nearest five minutes; write out time to the nearest five minutes
  • identify money (coins and bills)
  • solve a number sentence or word problem using money
  • recognize that comparisons are valid only when referring to the same standard unit
  • separate a rectangle into rows and columns using square units to find a total

Data Analysis

  • draw a bar or picture graph and answers questions related to it
  • generate data by measuring length to the nearest whole unit
  • show length measurements on a line plot with whole number units
  • represent whole numbers of a number line

Geometry (Shapes) / Spatial Sense

  • recognize and draw shapes using specific attributes (both defining and non-defining)
  • construct an array using squares that line up in rows and columns